Tuesday, November 23, 2010
Gettysburg National Cemetery
The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and is one of the best-known speeches in United States history It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War on November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the decisive Battle of Gettysburg. The Getty's burg address has a very long standing effect in the world, it influenced the Constitution of France (under the Fifth Republic established in 1958) .The principle of the Republic of France is "gouvernement du peuple, par le peuple et pour le peuple" ("government of the people, by the people, and for the people,") a literal translation of Lincoln's words, the French Constitution and french revolution in return influenced many of the freedom movements in the developing world, it was also quoted by the Civil right movement leader Martin Luther King in his "I have a dream speech". Find below the speech given by Abraham Lincoln, he was not supposed to be even the main speaker, he was just supposed to inaugurate it and the main speaker was Edward Everett.
"Four score and seven years (87 years) ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."- Abraham Lincoln
Streets of Gettysburg
People dressed as they did during Colonial days hundred's of years ago. I asked permission to take their pictures as they were walking on the streets. They have civil war reenactments once or twice a year.
Cannons used during the Civil war
War Hero Statue
Gettysburg National Cemetery is located on Cemetery Hill in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.The landscape architect William Saunders, founder of the National Grange, designed the cemetery. It was originally called Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg. Over 6,000 people are buried in this graves, this battle was the turning point of American history, had this war not been won by Gen Major George Meade of the Union over General Robert Lee of the Confederates, America may not have been a single Nation.
The first monument of any type to be placed at Gettysburg was the Soldiers National Monument in the National Cemetery. It was designed by the Batterson-Canfield Company and sculpted by Randolph Rogers. The cornerstone was laid on July 4, 1865, and the full monument dedicated on July 1, 1869. The white Westerly granite pedestal supports a shaft and marble statue entitled "Genius of Liberty". The four buttresses on the pedestal support allegorical statues in white marble:
War, depicted as a seated American soldier resting after the conflict. The soldier is said to be relating the story of what happened at Gettysburg to the second monument,
History, depicted as a woman recording the names and accomplishments of the dead in her book.
Plenty, a woman with a sheaf of wheat over her arm and cornucopias filled with the fruits of the earth, the result of the peace at the end of the war.
Peace, a mechanic accompanied by machine cogs and heavy hammers. Although statues depicting peace are generally represented by female models, the seated mechanic in this work is male
The way back home, no sharp winding roads, instead we just moved drove straight up and down the hills, I would like to thank my friend Sajen, a former classmate of mine for taking me to Gettysburg.