Monday, September 22, 2008

MIZORAM STATE RANKING 2008 REVIEW

MIZORAM STATE RANKING 2008 REVIEW

according to 
India today Sept 22nd  Special Issue.

2004 - 3

2005 - 4

2006 – 5

2007 – 5

2008- 1


With a point score of 4.78 – if both big and small states were to be listed – Mizoram would rank 1st   among the 30 states of 
India. It is important not too read too much from the ranking as they aren’t very good indices for performance. Mizoram’s Infrastructure is almost nil but has a good social fabric with social groups like YMA operating on the principle of “Tlawmngaihna” which is centered on a mantra of Society before Self, which to a certain extent has reduced the gap between the rich and poor. In Mizoram, Social Volunteer Groups help build houses for the poor, donate food for the poor, bury the dead, help in social policing and security of society and take care of the weaker member of societies which to a certain extent could help explain Mizoram’s emergence as a state with better ranking. But it’s  also more like a ranking of the better among the worst states in developing India as  mentioned by a UN Report states that more than 2/3 of the population in India  are below poverty line.

Mizoram has Increased it’s ranking in Investment Environment, Macro-Economy &  Law and Order, it’s ranking has gone down only in Primary Education. Below are some of the parameters of the Ranking.

MIZORAM AGRICULTURE – 7TH

The Ranking for Agriculture was 6th in 2004,8th in 2005, 6th in 2006 and 8th  in 2007 and 7th this year.

Mizoram Agriculture Website

Having had a chance to Visit Mizoram recently, what really puzzles me is that Mizoram despite the Mautam Famine and damage of Crops by Rodents in the Southern and Western part of Mizoram has actually increased in it’s ranking. There was hardly any cash crops and most of the people were barely surviving on a meal a day.


MIZORAM PRIMARY HEALTH - 5TH

 The Ranking for Health in Mizoram for 2004 and 2005 was 1st but 6th in 2006 and 5th in 2007 & 2008

Mizoram Health Department Website

Mizoram’s Health Department is reputed to be one of the most corrupt department in the state with a Controversial Minister heading it. The State Referral Hospital which was supposed to be a 500 bedded Hospital has been reduced to a clinic with an infrastructure worth crores not in use, one of the Building for Civil Hospital in Aizawl had a whole floor missing besides many Medical equipments are missing. 

On the other hand, the state Government has also initiated Medical Insurance upto Rupees one lac for all citizens living within the state, other indicators of Primary health like Sex Ratio is good, infant mortality is low and assisted birth’s are higher than other parts of the country  but Mizoram as a state still does not have it’s own Medical College.

MIZORAM INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT – 1st

 The ranking for Investmentin 2004 was 1st, 3rd in 2005, 7th in 2006 and 6th in 2007, and 1st in 2008.

It’s hard to understand what Investment Mizoram has had recently other than Government investment but certain Oil companies have come for exploration but no big find has yet been reported. Even for any industry to come up, the Power & Electricity Scenario is very bad despite the state having a lot of scope for Hydel Projects. Many Hydel Projects including Tuirial and Bairabi are still pending for completion because of land acquisition and other problems.

Some of the other areas where Mizoram could have scored on this parameters would be state share of GDP spent on Administration which is still very high but could be lower since govt vehicles were privatized, again no definite figures, Bank Credit and Capital formation could be other indicators where the state has done well.

 Mizoram Investment Promotion Website


MIZORAM PRIMARY EDUCATION – 2nd

 From 2004 -2006 Mizoram has consistently ranked 2nd but in 2007 it has ranked first, but has gone down to 2nd in 2008. Mizoram now tops Literacy level in the whole country with 89%, 83 per cent of children over 10 years of age have completed their education. But sadly enough there’s very bad scope for good quality education in Mizoram at higher level's as it does not even have a single Engineering, Dental or Medical College in the whole state.

Mizoram School Education Website

Mizoram Government Press Release on Mizoram being First in Primary Education

 

MIZORAM INFRASTRUCTURE - 4TH

In terms of Infrastructure, Mizoram has consistently ranked 4th from 2004 till 2008, with more construction of Roads, will the ranking improve. Even though the ranking has not changed, the number of household with electricity is quite high, and under the NREGS scheme, roads are being built and actually constructed which is better than other states in India where it's only build on paper, but tele connectivity is bad, Internet connection in most part of the states is still on dial up and Internet and Telephone connectivity is very bad, most of the roads are also in very bad shape specially in cases where contracts have been given to party faithful, as they cover only the road top with tar and it gets spoiled in the coming Monsoon, needing repairs again, which is a virtual cycle all year round with understanding of corrupt officials concerned. 

MIZORAM CONSUMER MARKET - 5TH

Again a consistent 5th from 2004 till 2008 – basically a parameter for measuring Per capita ownership of TV, 2 wheeler. No changes in ranking but it’s well known that even BPL families in Mizoram have TV and 2 Wheelers which could mean two things – the poor in Mizoram are not that poor or else we have a high level of corruption.

Percentage of people who own:

House: 50%

Telephone: 14%

Electricity: 70%

TV: 20%

4 wheeler: 3%

2 wheeler: 6%

LPG: 38%

Source: Indiastat.com


MIZORAM LAW AND ORDER – 1st

2nd Consistently from 2004 to 2006 but has fallen to 4th  but has gone up to 1st in 2008, which could be because of the Prohibition of Alcohol has been brought under control in Mizoram, also decreased crime because of prohibition. Also Mizoram has the highest strength of policement  per lakh/ population in India and most criminal cases are easily solved because of the small population as well as community policing. Kidnapping, Murder and rape occur but not very often.

Home Department Website

Mizoram Police Department Website

MACRO ECONOMY - 4TH

 A very consistent ranking of 5th from 2004 till 2007  but has gone up to 4th this year.– basically measuring urbanization and GDP of state. The increase in ranking could be attributed to increase in Urbanization which stands at 51%, 4th in India. The increased rate of Urbanization was due to forced migration of people during Insurgency period of Mizoram National Front, a separatist group. The Indian Govt Forced people to live together for easier Administration. The increased rate of urbanization has helped the state as acess to Infrastructure is easier as well as more jobs available due to specialization of skills.


OTHER DATA

Mizoram Per Capita Income – Rs 27,733 - Highest in Northeast India ( Rs 22,207 According to Sampark.nic.in)

Mizoram Sex Ratio -892 ( 935 in 2001 as in Census India)

Mizoram Human Development Index - 0.548, 7th in India & highest in Northeast India according to UNDP India.

Mizoram Poverty ratio - 9.5% (Most of the northeastern states have ratio of 20% and higher) Poverty ratio of Assam is used for Mizoram -16.5%, in most cases by the Planning commission.)

3 comments:

  1. and the CM's being awarded
    http://vanglaini.org/index.php?module=Pagesetter&func=viewpub&tid=3&pid=2432

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  2. Well written and well analysis!

    But just a thought. I kinda feel you should have made a new paragraph and section about the fact that we are now number in India when it comes to Literacy rate, instead of just mentioning it briefly under Primary Education section :-) That way, this whole statistics look even grander!!

    I know, we don't have quality education option even though we are numero uno, and maybe by highlighting this fact, we are pushing forward for more professional institutes to be constructed :-)

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  3. Very informative and interesting indeed! However it is rather surprising to know that we have reached such a high position especially in infrastructure and investment environment. Btw, its good to know that we are again the highest in literacy rate in India.

    Great job Tluanga!

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