Thursday, January 17, 2008

Pongal Festival in Tamil Nadu - Kolam's

Pongal





Pongal or Veetu Pongal, it is celebrated by boiling rice with fresh milk and jaggery in new pots, which are later topped with brown sugar, cashew nuts and raisins early in the morning and allowing it to boil over the vessel. This tradition gives Pongal its name.


Kolam's - Kolam is a decorative design drawn in a variety of sandpainting using rice powder by female members of the family in front of their home, especially near the threshold.Kolams are thought to bestow prosperity to the homes. For special occasions limestone and red brick powder to contrast are also used. Though kolams are usually done with dry rice flour, for longevity, dilute rice paste or even paints are also used. Modern interpretations have accommodated chalk, and the latest "technology" in kolams are actually vinyl stickers.Every morning before sunrise, the floor is cleaned with water, the universal purifier, and the muddy floor is swept well for an even surface. The kolams are generally drawn while the surface is still damp so that it is held better. Occasionally, cow-dung is also used to wax the floors. Cow dung has antiseptic properties and hence provides a literal threshold of protection for the home. It also provides contrast with the white powder.
















Travelogue - Tamil Nadu

Travelling with the Ford Endeavour





Awesome Power Travelling with the ford - 2499 CC, 2.5 litreWLT water-intercooled turbo-Diesel, 88 kW (118 hp) and 277 N·m (204 ft·lbf)

Some of the Beautiful Scenaries on the way


Passing the Caveri near Trichy

On the Road Pilgrims on the way to Rameshwaram Temple


Sunset on the road from Pudukottai to Sivagangai


A man sticking his head behind the back of a bus


Cows & Buffalows behind a truck


A canal that we crossed on the way to Karur


Green fields on the way from Karur to Dindigal


Coconut Groves

Sunset on the foothills of Kodaikanal

Thursday, January 3, 2008

Him Taka Meizuk dan kawng a awm em?



Awm lo. Zial leh cigarette reng rengte hian chhiatna a then thei vek
a, tlemte zuk pawh hi a hlauhawm tho a ni. Cigarette hi taksa tana
thil thalo nasa tak thlen thei si, phalna nei a zawrh leh tlangzarh
si a ni. Mi thenkhat chuan taksa a tihchhiat nasat hlauvin an zu
tlem deuhva, mahse chu chu meizu mite zingah chuan thil har tak a
ni. Thenkhat chuan nicotine(tur chi khat) leh tar(meizuk ekchhia
inting ang deuh, taksa tana thalo) tlemna deuh zial zukin taksa a
khawih pawi nep deuh an ring a, mahse chu chu thil tih harsa tak a
ni. Mite chuan nicotine leh tar tlemna deuh zial man tlawm deuh leh
chak loh deuhte an zuk hian zial kha an zu tam veleh thung si a, a
hmaa an zuk thin ai mahin nicotine leh tar chu an taksa a lut chu a
tam zawk ta thin a ni. Tar tlemna cigarette te chu nasa zawka a lo
hip te, zing zawka a lo hipte leh bung tawi tak thlenga a lo zuk te
chuan taksa a tar lakluh tamna cigarette a lo ni ta zawk thin a ni.
Zial zuk tlem deuh tum mite chuan zialah chuan a chak lo deuhte han
thlang thin mahse, a nghei hmiahte hlawkna ang kha an nei pha lo reng
reng a ni.

MEIZUK HI A ZAWNGCHHANG TAK TAK THEIH EM?
Theih tehmeuh mai. Cigarette a nicotine awm chuan meizu mite chu a
zawngchhang tirin a bawiah a tan tir thin a. Nicotine hi ruihhlo
dang heroin leh cocaine ang tho a ni. A zawngchhang theihna chhan
pathum lian deuh deuh te chu: Pakhatna, tlem tlem a taksa a lakluh a
nih khan taksaah nawmna a thlen a, a ti thin te chuan tih leh zel an
duh ta thin a ni. Pahnihna, meizu mite chu nicotine tur khan a lo
fan tawh thin a vangin an lo ngai a, a tel lovin awm harsa an lo ti
a. Mei zuk an chawlhsan chuan rilru leh taksaah harsatna chi hrang
hrang; luna te, zamna te leh mut that theihlohna te a lo thleng thin
a ni. Nicotine hi tur chak tak mai, thluak khawl leh hriatna tha zam
khawih chhe thei a ni a, meizu thin te atangin chu chu a chiang em em
a. Meizu mi tam takin meizuk an sim theih loh nachhan chu sim an
tumin an taksaah awm nawmlohna chi hrang hrang a lo thlen thin vang a
ni.

NICOTINE CHUAN ENTIN NGE HNA A THAWH?

Nicotine taksa an luh phat chuan taksa chu a ti harhvangin leh a ti
thathova, mahse a hnu rei vak lovah mi chu a ti ngawichawiin leh a ti
zawi thin a ni. Hemi avang hian mite'n mei zuk an chin phah a, I
awih emaw awihlo emaw-nicotine hi taksa tana thalo tur a ni. Vawileh
khatah tam tak a taksa a lak luh chu nise tihrawl te ti zengin mi
chuan a thihpui nghal tawp thei a ni. Chu mai bakah aspirine dam dawi
mum hmun nga a then a hmun khat ang zat vel nicotine hi miin ei ta
ang se a hlauhawm dan chu cynide tur ei ang chiah in a thihpui nghal
tawp theih a ni. Mei kan zuk hian nicotine taksa a lo lut chu taksa
khawl natna vengtute chuan an lo then sawm a, a hlauhawm dan an lo
tih nep vang mai a ni kan thihpui nghal mai lo a ni. Enga pawh chu
nise, meizuk hian ngawng tha lo a then hrim hrim a ni. Nicotine
chuan meizu tan tir leh lo zu thin tawhteah chuan awmnawm lohna dam
lo anga in hriatna a thlen thin a ni. Nicotine chuan thisen a ti
sang a, lungphu chu lo ti rangin, minute khat a vawi 33 hiala rangin
a awmtir thei a ni. Pang tilumna a ti tlem a, kut leh ke a thisen
kal chu a lo tlem ta bawk thin a ni. Damdawi lama mithiam te'n an
chhut danin ziala nicotine a awm avang hian meizu mite an lo pun phah
a, lungnatna vei an tam phah a, tin kaih te pawh an tam phah a ni an
ti.

MEIZUK HIAN CANCER A THLEN EM?

Thlen e…! chuap cancer chauh lo, taksa hmun dang hrang hrangah a then
thin a ni. Cigarette zukna hian ka cancer te, aw bawm cancer te,
hrawk cancer te a tlen thin a. Chu mai nilo, phing, kal, la, pumpui
leh chhulah te cancer a awm tir thei bawk a ni.. He thil hi mihring
leh ransa sang tam tak atanga finfiah a ni.

ENGVANGIN NGE MEIZU MI ZAWNG ZAWNGTE HIAN CHUAP CANCER AN VEI LOH?

Kan taksain thil a lo dawn sawna, a lanchhuah pui dan hi mi hrang
hrangah a in anglo thei hle a. A chhan tam tak a awm a, chung zingah
chuan kan taksa chak zawng a in angloh vangte leh kan inthlah
chhawnna in a ken tel thisen chak zawngte, hrisel leh hrisel loh
zawngte a in ang loh vang a ni. Kan hriat tur chu cigatette-ah hian
chemical chi hrang hrang chi 4,000 chuang a awm a, meizu thin mi chi
hrang hrangte natna chu a inang vek kher lo ava. Mahse thudik awm
lai kan hlamchhiah theih miah loh chu: `cigarette zu mite hi a zu lo
mite aiin an thi naupang zawk a ni' tih hi. Chawlrualin meizu mite
hi zu lo mite aiin kum 7 in an dam chhung hun a tawi a ni. Meizu
mite zingah hian thihna chu nitin cigarette a zuk tam dan a zir in a
pung a, kum engzat nge mei a lo zuk tawh tih leh a mei zuk tan hun
kum naupan dan a zirin a ni bawk a ni.

CIGARETTE ZUK HIAN CHUAP NATNA A THLEN THEI EM?

Aw thlen thei e. Cigarette zukna hian chuap natna chi hrang hrang
cancer ang bawk a hlauhawm a thlen thei a. Bronchitis natna benvawn –
he natna hi thawkna dawtah hnang a lo in siam tam lutuk a, chu chuan
zing taka khuh an lo awmtir thin a ni. Tin, Emphysema – he natna
hian zawi zawi in mi chu a thawkna a ti chhia a, enkawl that an nih
loh chuan an thih phah hial thei a ni.


NU NAUPAI LAI LEH A NAUPAI TAN MEIZUH HI A PAWINA A AWM EM?
Nu naupai lai in mei a zuk chuan ama leh a naupai hriselna chu a chhe
thei a. Naupailai in mei a zuk chuan mi pahnih in an tuar a, a chhan
chu nicotine-te, carbon-monoxide te leh chemical hrang hrang meizuk
khu nu thisena kal tlangin a fa pailai chu pawh chu a fan ta thin a
ni. Naupailaiin mei a zuk chuan nau a piansual vangin tih thlak a lo
ngai ta emaw, nau a thi a piang emaw, nau thla tlinglova pianna emaw
a thlen thei a ni. Naute chu buk thling lovin a piang thei bawk a,
chawhrualin pound 1 ½ (.75kg) vel chauh a lo ni thin a. Dan naranin
heng nau buk tlinglova piangte hi natna khirhkhan tak emaw, thih
theihna tur ang chi nata an vei duh hle bawk a ni.

TV Hian Eng thil nge I chungah a rawn thlen?


TV hi tunlai hun atan chuan inbiak pawhna lar ber a ni hial awm e.
Television in thlun zawm chuat mai chuan englai mai pawh hian
chhungkaw sing tam tak te chu chanchin thar chi hrang hrang—eng thil
pawh TV a lo lang te khan a deng dawt dawt reng a. Nu leh pa tam
takte tih tur pawimawh tak mai chu an fate hnena TV enna in a nghawng
theih thil te dik tak a hrilh fiah hi a ni. TV hi napangte tan chuan
zawngchhang awl em em mai leh thil tak tak anga an ngaih mai theih
thil a ni a. Khang an thil hmuhte an hriat thiamna atang khan an nun
kal chho zel chu a lo kai hruai thin a ni.

Napang pakhat chuan a thian pakhat a pa in a boral san ngui em em
mai chu heti hian a han hnem a, "Lungngai suh, i pa chu a lo kir leh
thuai dawn a law'm", a ti a. An zirtir tu pakhat chuan mak ti deuh
mai hian eng vanga chutianga a thian hnen a han ti mai nge a ni tih a
han zawh fiah chuan, chu napang chuan ni 2/3 kal ta a TV a film en a
lo hrilh a, chu filmah chuan a chang tupa an kah hlum tawh chu a lo
tho leh a lo ni a. Chu ngaihdan dik lo tak mai chu naupang rilruah
chuan a intuh a lo nih chu.

Awlsam taka kan in chhung lum a TV hmang a khawvel thil thleng
chanchin hrang hrang kan hmuh theih lain, napangte chuan a tak tak
nge suangtuahna lem mai a ni tih thliarhran harsa an ti thin a ni.

TV IN A NGHAWNG THIL TE CHU I LO THLIR HO TEH ANG
TESTNA A MARK HNIAM:
Thil chhut mite'n an hmuhchhuah pakhat chu `lehkha zirna kawng a ti
tha lo thin te hi TV en nasa an ni thin' tih hi a ni. Naupang
thenkhat in TV atanga ziak leh chhiar an zir laiin, naupang sangkhat
a za zel chuan an TV en nasat lutuk avangin an chhiar thei lova, a
then te phei chuan thu kamkhat pawh an ziak thei lo a ni. TV hi a
lem hmang a mi hipna tha tak a nih laiin, napangte tan ding taka an
thil ngaihtuah theihna ti tawi tu a ni.

THARUM THAWHNA LEH PAWIKHAWIHNA TI TAM TU A NI:
Kum 1969-ah khan Dr. Milton Eisenhower, National Commission of the
Causes and Prevention of Violence, USA a chairman chuan he ti hian
thu tlang kawmna a siam a: "Chhum lo chat lova tharum thawh lai thla
television hmang a kan hmuhte hian mihring nun hi a hruai khawlo a ni
tih kan pawm tlang a. Tharum thawhna TV a kan hmuh reng a tangte
hian hetiang ang nun hi kan chhawm chhova, nitin nunah kan
ngaihtuahna leh kan khawtlang hlutna hi tharumthawhna hian a ti chhia
a, chu chu khawvel chang kang siam tum tan chuan a inhmeh lo ni" a
ti.

CHHUNGKUA, HNAM LEH KHAWTLANG KEH DARHNA:
Zirtir theihna hi nu leh pa te'n an fate hnena an tih theih zing a
ropui ber pakhat a ni a. Napang te hnenah nungchang tha, chin dan tha
leh rinna te chu nu leh pa te'n an tuh dan angin an fa te'n an lo
chhawm thin a ni.

Mahse nang chauh kha chhungkaw hlutna siamtu i ni em? Ni love,
napang te hian awm dan leh chin dan tha chu an zirtirtu atang te, an
zirlaibu atang te, sakhaw hotu atang te, an thian kawm te leh an
thurualpui te atangin an zir chhuak a ni. Mit leh beng ti thlai thei
thil radio, TV, tape record, lemchan, lehkhabu leh chanchinbu atang
te in an in zir reng bawk a. Naupang te nun siam tu nitin a an tawn
thil chi hrang sang tam tak mai te chu i chhut chuan nang chuan
naupang te nun a chhungkaw hlutna tuh kawngah hmun i lo neih tlem zia
chu i hre thei ang.

TV programme naupang te'n an enah te chuan an mahni zitir i duh dan
mil programme te a awm thin em? Chung programme te chu an rinna
chawm tura i duh dan ang te an ni em? Nangma chhungkaw kaihhruaina
nen a in milin chung lemchan thawnthu buatsaihtu te, a director te,
ziaktu leh a chang tu te chuan an entir em?

SUALNA TI PUNGTU:
Telivision hi nungchang sual a min hruai tu a ni a. Chu chu thil
sawi hrehawm tak a ni a, mahse thil dik a ni bawk si a ni. A
tlangpui thuah TV programme te chu tharum thawhna te, mipat hmei
chhiatna hman khawlohna te, khawvel lama min hruai thei thil
lampangin a khat a. TV a kan en duh zawng programme-ah te hian thil
thleng tak tak, thianghlim, faktlak, duhawm, dik leh ngaihtuah zui
tlalk hmuh tur a vang hle a ni.

TV-ah hian rinawmlo taka chetna te chu entir na tha lam atan te
hman a ni zawk a. Dawt sawite chu a tam em em in, fiamthu bawlhhlawh
tak tak thawh nan a hman te a ni bawk a. Chutiang karah pawh chuan
dikna a i in thlun ngheh tlat chuan chung dawt thu tam tak te chu
ngaithlain hmu mahla i nghing dawn lo ani. TV lama sumdawnna te lo
thlir leh ta ila. TV a fakna chi hrang mai kan hmuhah teah hian a
fakna siam tu te hian rinawmna te, dikna hmang tein an buatsiah em?
TV hianin thlem kan awlsamna lai takah hian nasa takin kan rilru a la
peng thei a ni.

TV hian kan thil tha lamah nasa taka min fuih leh rilru a hneh
theih laiin tunlai kan khawtlang nun ti sawp rawp thei tu a ni thei a
ni.

THATCHHIATNA LEH TAKSA NGUAI NA:
Tunlai hian TV hi kan hun pawimawh hman ralna pakhat a ni a. Kan
naupang te hian an zirlai leh infiamna lam aiin an ngai thu pui ber
ta a nih hi. Napang chu heng infiamnaah leh zirtirna hmunah te a awm
loh kar chhungin TV bulah thuin a lo reng a ni fo thin. TV chuan
napang hun hlu tak pawn a pawnto te, lehkha chhiar hun te, homework
tih hun te, chhungkaw inkawm hlim hun te, mi dang nena inkawm khawmna
hun te leh an hun tha tam tak chu a rawk sak a ni.
"TV enna tur hian thiam thil a ngai lova, thiamna a pe bawk lo ani"
tiin Neil Postman chuan `Naupangte kal bona chhan' tih buah a ziak a
ni.



HLIMLOHNA LEH NGAIHTHAHNA TI TAM TU:
TV a kan hmuh thil mawi tak tak te leh thilziak nalh tak tak te
hian kan nun a tihlim theih laiin kan nunah hlim lohna ti chhuak thei
thil fakna en hah tlak tak tak a awm bawk a ni. Science leh
technology lam a zir tur tha tam tak te a awm rual rualin thil
tangkai lo leh ho mai mai hman tangkaina tur pawh awm lo a awm thin a
ni.

KHAWTLANG LAM NUNAH ENGE A THEN?
`US News & World Report' tih chanchinbu in a tarlan danin: America
rama mi kum 6 atangin kum 18 te hian nikhatah dar kar 15,000 vel TV
an en thin a, school a an hun hman aiin dar kar 2,000 a tam TV en nan
hun an seng ral a ni.

Time chanchinbu a thuziak pakhat chuangah chuan: 'TV hian kan
naupangte a ti chhia em?' tih a ni a. A ziaktu Zoglin chuan he ti
hian a sawi zawm a: "TV kaihhruaina a zarah napangte chu khawvel
chanchin hrang hrang te hriattirin an awm a, tun hma hun ai chuan an
beng var zawk em em a. Mahse chung avang chuan an fin zawk phah
em..? Naupangte chanchin na zirna Yale hmunah chuan, riru lam zirmi
mithiam Jerome Singer chuan "Naupang TV en nana hun tamtak seng thin
mi te hi thil man chakna lamah an pachhia a, an awm hle hle thei
lova, zirna lamah pawh an chak lo a ni", a ti. TV chuan zirna class
room chhungah te pawh nghawng a rawn nei tan a. Mathematics
zirtirtu, class a chawh tur sei deuh hlek a hrilhfiah thin te chuan
an ti tlem tial tial tan a. Singer Neil Postman, New York University
a professor nilai `Amusing Ourselves to Death' tih ziaktu chuan TV
hian puitling te thuruk chu a hai lang a, chu chuan naupang te nun la
no leh pawisawi lo tak mai chu a ti chhia a ni tih hi a ring a. He
tiang hian, "TV a puitling leh naupang nun inpawlh, chiang lo ruai
mai lo langah te chuan naupang si puitling tak a chet tumna leh
puitling si naupang taka chetna te kan hmu thin a ni", a ti.

TV in a nghawng tha lo te chu eng pawh lo ni ta se la, a hlauhawmna
leh in vaukhanna te pawh a hluar zel bawk a. Chu chu tunlai hian
intinah kan hre chamchi ta a nih hi. Chung a that lohna kan sawi thin
te chu a dik em? Dik teh reng mai…a tlangpuiin a dik zel a ni. Mi
chik mi te reng reng chuan TV in a ngawng thatlohna hrang hrang kan
han tarlan te khan inchhung khur leh khawthlang tichhe tu a ni tih hi
an ngaihdan a ni. Chu thu dik tak mai chu hre reng chung chuan TV hi
kan la ngaina tlat si a nih hi.

Engpawhnise, heng buaina te hi tum phawt chuan sut kian dan kawng a
awm a. Chumi tur chuan taihmakna, thawhrimna leh remhriatna te nu
leh pa te'n an neih a ngai a. He mi atan hian kan thawrim a kan
hunte kan sen phawt chuan rah tha tak a nei ngei dawn a ni.

Kan vanin panna kawng a kan fate venghim tu tur kan nihna laiah
hian kan hna chanve chauh hi kan thawk fo thin. Van khua leh tui kan
nihna ah hian khawtlang venhimna hna hi kan mawhphurhna a ni a. Kan
in leh lo kan venhimna ai mahin helamah hian kan thawh nasat a ngai
a. Kan khawtlang nun hi kan humhalh loh chuan chhiat lam pan mai
thei reng a ni si a.

INVENHIMNA TUR ATANA HMANRUATE:
Tunlaiah hian TV hi minti awmnuam tu, nau awm tu, nu leh pa leh
zirna tenau a lo ni ta in, hmandan thiam chuan thil tangkai thei tak
a ni bawk a. A hmanna dik tak a hman hi a pawimawh em em a ni. TV a
programme te hi thil sual a ni hauh lo mai. Mahse nu leh pa te hian
fate tana en tur tha kan thlansakna kawngah te leh a tangkaina zawng
hrilhfiah kawngah te mawhphurhna lian tak an nei a ni.

A tlangpui thuah mi TV en te hian tum lawk leh ngaihtuah lawk
lohvin kan en a. TV en mi sing tam tak te hian ngaihtuah vak lem
lovin a en ve mai mai bawk a. Kan hna thawhna atangin inah kan han
haw a, chutah TV kan han tinung chawt a, "kan khawhar min hnem tu leh
min lo uap lum atan". Chutah kan duh zawng tak programme a lo chhuak
a, chumi a zawh hnu pawhin TV chu off ta mai lo chuan a dawt leh
programme thum vel thleng emaw chu en nan hun kan hmang ta thin a ni.
Kan TV enna kawng a inthununnaah hian thutihthlukna siam hi thil
pawimawh pakhat a ni a. A tak tak a tih erawh chu thil dang pakhat
leh a ni! A hnuai a mi te hi chhungkaw tam takin kan zawm tur a tan a
thil tha tarlan te an ni:
· Endan tur chin tawk nghet takin duang la. Chhung kaw tan
eng ang a tam nge en a tul tih siam fel ang che.
· TV en hmain lehkha zirturte leh hnadang pawimawh te chu kan
ti zo vek phawt tur a ni.
· I fa nen TV in en thin ho thin tur a ni.
· TV programmeahte chuan hlutna leh hlawkna a awm nge awm lo
tih i in zawt fo thin tur a ni a. TV programmete chu a entu napang
kum nen a in mil em tihte, mipat hmeichhiat hman khawlohna kawngah mi
a hruai thei em? tihte, tharum thawhna lampang a nih leh nih lohte,
zirtirna tha naupang hnena i pek thin angte a keng tel em? tih leh an
TV en kha a hlawk thei ang berin an chhawr em? tihte i chhut fo thin
tur a ni.
· A hunah chuan TV chu off hreh suh.
· Chanchinthar en zawh a TV i off-in tul lovah chuan on tawh
suh.
· Chindantha chu suangtuahna thaah a innghat a. TV en hun
chintawk tur chu fel takin siam la. Chhungkaw hna tul thawh hun tur
siam fel thin ang che.
· I chhungkua leh I fate nen nitin inkungkaihna tha; titi hona
hunte thil chhiar hona hunte nei thin la. Chhungkaw tamtakah chuan
TV enna hian hun tha tam tak a luahlan a. Fate'n TV programme thate
en thin bawk mahse, an ngaihtuahna thil tha lamah a chawm lo a ni.
· Kar khar chhung TV ngaihtuah miah lovin awm han awm chhin
teh.
· Ngaihtuahna fim tak hmang chungin TV en dan chin tawk tur
chu duang la. TV enna hun aiah khan naupangte'n thil hlimawm leh
tangkai an tihna tur ngaihtuah tel ang che, napangte'n niawm an tih
lohna turin.
· Chhiar tur tha chiar nan hun hmang tam ula, a hma ai a nasa
zawkin.
· Cable TV kan tih ho hian a pangngai aiin hmuh tur chi hrang
a pek tam avangin a to zawk a. TV thalo zawng a hmanna tur vennan
chuan Cable TV lei hi pawh loh a tha a ni.
A TAWK LEKA TV EN THATNA TE:

Hna dang tangkai tihna hun a tam ang.
Chhungkua inkawm tlanna hun tha a tam ang.
Taksa insawizawina hun a tam ang.
Englai pawh a hmawsawm eina lakah mi a veng.
Mit tan hahdamna hun a tam zawk.
Zanah mut hahchawlhna hun a lo tam ang. Hahchawlhna hi taksa tana
chaw tha tak a ni si a.
Rilru chu lungaihna leh khawvel thil lam ngaihtuahna buai tak atangin
a lo zalen zawk ang.
Kan chaknate hman ralin a awm lovang.
Electric bill a lo tlem zawk bawk ang.
Pathian hnena in hlanna hun tur te a I lo nei tam ang a, I riru leh
thlarau te a lo thang bawk ang. "Pathian hriatna chuan muana a pe a,
Pahthian hriat lohna chuan muan lohna a thlen thung".

I nun chu pawtsei turin thuneihna I nei lova, mahse a zau zawng, thuk
zawng leh san zawngte I ti dang lam thei a ni.

Rilru ngaihtuahna hi taksa laipui a ni a. Mi a pumin a thunun a.
Kanthiltih chhia leh tha zawng zawngte hi kan ngaihtuahna atanga
lochhuak a ni. Pathiankan biak paw'n kan rilruin a bia a. Chuvang
chuan a dik apiangte, a zahawmapiangte, a tha a piamgte, a thianghlim
apiangte, a duhawm apiangte, fakna reng a awm a, fak tlak a nih bawk
chuan—chungthilte chu ngaihtuah thin rawh u .

Zunthlum hi Enge Ni?


Zunthlum chu natna chikhat thisena thilthum (chini) tam lutuk vanga
lo awm a ni a. He natna hi la (pancreas) in tui hnang (insulin) tam
tawk a siam chhuah loh vang emaw insulin chu a hmanna tur kawng dik
taka a kal loh vang a lo awm a ni a. Taksa peng hrang hrang (organs)
mit, kal, lung, thisen dawt leh thluak te zunthlum natna hian a
tichhe thei a ni. Zuntlum hi natna benvawn leh hlauhawm tak a ni a,
mi sing tel a lian a te a suat tu a ni.

ZUNTHLUM HI ENG VANGA LO AWM NGE NI?
Zunthlum lo awmna chhan hi mumal tak a hriat a ni lova, mahse heng a
hnuaia kan tarlan te ang hian zunthlum chu a vei tir thei a ni.
• Mi kum 35 chunglamin zumthlum chu a
vei awlsam bik.
• Miin zunthlum vei chhungte a
neihin.
• Rilru leh taksa lama buaina nei
miten.
• Mi a nih dan tur pangngai aia rihin
(thauvin).
• Hmeichhe rai lai in.

ZUNTLUM CHI HRANG HRANG TE CHU ENGTE NGE NI?
Pakhatna: Hei hi kum naupang lamin an vei tlangpui a. Taksa a
pancreas in insulin tam tawk a siam loh vang emaw insulin a awm loh
vanga lo awm a ni a. Insulin chuan thisen a chini tam lam chu a tawk
chiahin a vawng thin a ni.
Pahnihna: Hei hi puitling kum 35 chinin an vei tlangpui a. Taksa a
pancreas in insulin tam tawk a siam loh vangin emaw insulin chu a
thawhna tur dik tak a hman a nih loh vang a lo awm a ni.

MI HRISEL PANGNGAI THISENA THLUM (CHINI) AWM ZAT TUR CHU ENGE NI?
(75-110) mg

ENGTINNGE ZUNTHLUM CHU KAN TIH DAM ANG?
Zunthlum hi a tih dam theih lohva, amaherawh chu exercise lak te, ei
leh in tur insum te leh damdawi then khat hmangin a tih nep theih a,
zuntlum lak atang hian a inven theih bawk a ni.

ZUNTHLUM LEH MEIZUK ENGE A IN LAICHINNA?
Meizu mi i nih chuan sim rawh, meizuk vangin zunthlum chu a zual thei
a. Meizuk i sim chuan nasa takin a tanpui thei a ni.

ZUNTHLUM TAN A EI LEH IN TUR TE CHU ENG TE NGE NI?
Dan tlanpuiah zunthlum vei kum 35 chung lam chu ei leh in insumna
hmangin a enkawl theih a. Mi puitling tawh zunthlum vei te hi an nih
dan tur pangngai ai a rit te an ni a. Chutiang zuntlum veite enkawl
tur chuan an rihna tih hniam hmasak phawt a tul a ni. A tlem berah
pound 10 (kg 5) velin a tih thlem theih a ni. Nangma doctor bikin i
ei leh in tur chu a chawh tur che a ni a. I chaw ei pangngai leh
kamram ei hunte chu hunbi nei taka siamin a in buk tawk tur a ni.
Ei tur thil thlum (chini) tamna chocolate te, sweet te, ice cream te,
jam te, thingpui te, coffee te leh thil thlum in chi dangte lakah
hian i insum tur a ni. Chutiangin, thau tamna lampang chi chaw lakah
te i insum bawk tur a ni.

TAKSA IN SAWIZAWINA LAMAH ENGE TIH TUR?
Taksa insawizawina hian zuntlum veite chu a tanpui thei a, kan taksa
a glucose inchhekkhawl te chu tangkai takin a hman tir a, thisenzam
taksa peng hrang hrangah a kal that tir a, taksa rit lutuk tur a
vengin, taksa leh rilru buaina a tikiang thei a ni.
Taksa insawizawina hian glucose taksaa awmte chak zawk a hmang tur a
puih avangin kan taksa chu a chawmin a tidam zung zung bawk a ni.
I in sawizawi hmaiin nangma doctor hnenah eng ang inzawizawina chi
nge i mamawh tih zawt hmasa phawt zel ang che.

ZUNTLUM TANA DAMDAWI EITUR TE CHU ENG TE NGE NI?
Damdawi ei chi te hian pacreas in insulin a pek chhuah that theihna
turin a ti tha thova, taksa peng te chu insulin lo dawng sawng turin
a pui bawk a ni. Heng damdawi te hi ei leh in insumna in thisen a
thlum awm a tih tlem zawh lohvin leh zunthlum nasa vak lovah te hman
an ni thin.
Damdawi ei chi i hman te chu an hming i hre ngei tur a ni a. Eng
hunah nge i hman tan tih te, Eng hunah nge hna a thawh san lai ber te
leh nge tiang a rei nge a damdawi chuan a tan pui che tih te i hre
bawk tur ani.

Damdawi Hming
Hna Thawh Tan Hun
San Lai Ber
Hman Hun Chhung

Diabinese
1 hour
3-6 hrs
12-24 hrs

Orinase
1 hour
3-4 hrs
6-12 hrs

Tolinase
1 hour
4-6 hrs
12-24 hrs

Glucatrol
1 hour
varies
up to 24 hrs

Diabeta
1 hour
varies
up to 24 hrs


KAN TAKSA A INSULIN HMANNA TE ENGTE NGE NI?
Ei leh in insumna leh kan damdawi ei te'n zuntlum chu a tih nep
theih loh chuan insulin hi hman tur a ni a. Ka atanga kan ei chuan
chaw pai tawih tir tu acid khan a ei chhiat thin avangin chiu luh tur
a ni. Insulin chu hun rei lote chhung thawk chi te, thawk zawm chi
te, hun rei tak thawk chi te a awm a. I tana i mamawh chi chu i
doctor ten an hrilh ang che.

HYPOGLYCEMIA HI ENGE NI?
Hypoglycemia chu thinsen a thil thum tlak chhamna hi a ni.
Hypoglycemia vei te lo lan chhuah dan leh a vei te hriat theih dan
te chu:
- thlan chhuak -
awm nuamlo
- chauh ngawih ngawih - tawng
fiahlo
- taksa khur -
rilru chak lohna
- lu na - thisenah
thlum gm 50
aia tlem a awmin

ZUTHLUM VEI TE'N ENG VANGIN NGE HPYOGLYEMIA AN VEI NACHHAN?
Hypoglycemia veina chhan te chu:
Chaw ei that lohin
• Chaw ei tlai lutuk thinin
• Insulin ngah lutuk leh dam dawi ei
tam lutukin
• A tawk bak a taksa insawizawi nasat
lutukin

HYPOGLYCEMIA TIH DAMNA DAN ENGE NI?
Vei tih in hre tan:
• Thil thlum awmna mawl tak si entir nan serthlum
tui te leh thil thlum dang te ei ang che.
• Dar kar chanve hnuah thil thum awmna mawl te te
chaw entirna chhang te ei ang che.
Vei tih in hre lo tan:
• Doctorin a chawh angin glucagon injection lak
tur a ni.
• I vei tih i in hriat hunah thil thlum awm na
mawl te te chaw ei ang che.

HYPOGLYCEMIA VEI LO TURIN ENGTIN NGE I VENNA ANG?
Thil thlum awmna chaw mawl te te i ei deuh reng tur ani.
• Chaw tha a hun takah i ei tur a ni.
• Damdawi dortor te chaw chu a hun tak a an chawh
ang chiahin i ei tur a ni.
• I nitin tih tur leh taksa insawizawina chu hun
bi nei takin i vawng tur a ni.
• Zunthum i vei leh vei loh chu a khat tawkin in
in enfiah fo tur ani.


HYPERGLYCEMIA HI ENGE NI?
Hyperglycemia chu thisena thil thlum a tawk aia tam awm hi ani.

HYPERGLYCEMIA VEI TE LAN CHHUAH DAN LEH A VEI TE HRIAT THIEH NA TE
CHU ENG TE NGE NI?
Hyperglycemia vei te lan chhuah dan leh a vei te hriat theih dan te
chu:
· Vun leh ka te a ro
· Zing takin ril tam thin
· Zing taka zun chhuak thin
· Tui hal huam huamna te
· Chauh ngawih ngawihna te
· Zunah ketones a lo awm mai thei bawk.
· Thisenah thilthum 250 mg ai a tam a awm in.

HYPERGLYCEMIA VEINA CHHAN TE CHU ENG TE NGE NI?
• Ei tam lutuk leh kan taksa mamawh loh zawng ei
te.
• Doctor chawh ni lo damdawi ei te.
• Damlohna (hriltlang awmna te leh a dangte).
• Rilru lampang hahna leh taksa inzawizawi loh
lutuk vang te.

HYPERGLYCEMIA VEI TE CHU ENG TIANGA ENKAWL TUR NGE?
• Zun enfiah te, leh thilsen thil thlum awmzat
enfiah leh ketones awm leh awm loh enfiah te ani.
• I zun enfiah chu 3+ emaw 4+ emaw vawi 3 aia tam
a nih in doctor rawn ang che.

HYPERGLYCEMIA VEI LO TURIN ENGTIN NGE IN INVEN ANG?
• Chaw hrisel tha leh in buk tawk ei thin ang la,
i taksa mamawh tawk bak chu ei suh ang che.
• Damdawi doctor ten an chawh che chu a hun ni
dik takah a tawk chiah ei thin ang che.
• I taksa a hun taka sawizawi thin la. Ke a kal
hi taksa sawizawina tha tak ani.

ZUNTHLUMIN A KAIHHNAWIH DANG NATNA AWM THEI TE CHU ENG TE NGE NI?
Zunthlumin a kaihhnawih thei nanna dang te chu:
• Mit that lohna.
• Kal that lohna
• Hriatna thazam chhiatna te, kephah
chhia leh tawihna.
• Thisen dawt tih tetna leh lung
natna te.

MIT LAM PANG ENG TIN NGE A NGHAWG?

Zunthlum hi mitdelna then tu lian tak a ni a. Mit a thisen zam a lo
tih tet vang a lo thleng a ni. He natna hi retinopathy diebetic ti a
vuah a ni a. Zunthlum chu i enkawl that pauh leh he
natna `retinopathy' atang hian i veng thei dawn ani.
I mit chu kum 1-2 chhung in i entir thin tur a ni a. Thil hmuh fiah
lo, phe leh thil hmuh theih lohna te a awm leh awm loh i enfiah tur
ani.

KAL LAM PANG THAT LOHNA TE ENG TE NGE NI?

Zunthlum vei then khat te chuan kal lam natna an vei tel thin a. I
naupang deuh lai a zuntlum i vei emaw hun rei tak chhung zunthum i lo
vei tawhin kal lamnatna neih a awlsam bik a. Mi thisena thil thum
awm tam zawng a pangngai a nih chuan kal natna atangin a fihlim
thin.
Thisen sang i nih chuan kal natna i vei awlsam bik a. He harsatna hi
i neih chuan i thisen sang chu enkawl tha ngei ngei ang che.
I thil eiah chi a tam lutuk chuan thisen sang neih a awl sam bik a.
Chi a tlem thei ang ber ei tum ang che.
Zunthlum i neih chuan kal nantna i vei awlsam bik a. I taksa ah
harsatna entir nan zun zin lutuk te, zung zawng a na te, khawsik te,
hnungzang na te, luak chhuak te, kut leh ke vung te a lo awmin i
doctor ko vat la, i zun chu a enfiah hunah kal natna i neih leh neih
loh a hre thei ang.
Thisen a thil thlum tam lutuk chuan ke a hriatna tha zam chhiatna te
a thlen thei a, hriatna tha zam chu a ti thi thei a ni. Zunthum
natna chuan thisen kal te chu ti tawpin ke a thisen kal te chu a ti
chau thin a. Ke lama a harsatna a siam theih dang te chu: ke na te,
za mer mer te, chawlawl na te, aikhirh te, ke vawt ngawih ngawih te,
ke pawl te, vun loh sen hlar mai te, durh te, ngamit te, ke ro ke khi
leh ke tin to lut te an ni.


ENGTIN NGE KA KE TE EN KAWL ANG?

• Nitin ngun takin i ke pahnih te chu a in hliam
leh hliam loh te en fiah in, durh te, duk te leh natna dang a awm leh
awm loh te en fiah thin ang che.
• I ke te fai takin dah thin rawh.
• Ke a kal na hi ke tan a insawizawina tha ber
mai a ni.
• Mei zu suh.
• I ke tin te chu a ngil in bul lutuk lovin i tan
thin tur ani.
• Ke lawngin kal suh.
• I ke te i tih natin doctor rawn thin ang che.


ENGTIN NGE VUN I ENKAWL ANG?

Zunthlum ve te chu a bik takin an vunte an enkawl tha tur ani a,
taksa a natna do tu khawl a that loh avangin.


ENG TIN NGE VUN NATNA A AWM TIH I HRIAT THEIH ANG?

I vunte chu lo senin hnai te a lo la ang a, pem te a dam har bik a,
khawihli, pan leh thak te i serh velah a lo awm ang.

ENGTIN NGE VUN NATNA TE CHU I VEN ANG?

• Nitin inbual a, sahbawn nem lam hman thin.
• Vun te chu phuhlip tur vengin leh inhliam lo
tura fimkhur.
• I hliamte chu enkawl thaiin tui thianghlimin
sil fai thin rawh.
• A pan lohna tur a siam damdawi chak tak tak te
hmang suh.
• I hliam leh pem awm reng reng te chu enkawl vat
zel ang che.

HA LAMPANG A HARSATNA TE ENGE NI?

Zunthlum vei chu a ha a thalo tlangpui a, a chhan chu a taksa a natna
do tu kha a chak loh vang a ni. Nitin vawithum a ha a nawt fai thin
tur a ni a, a ha chu a doctor te hnenah a enfiah tir thin tur a ni.

HA LAMA HARSATNA NEI MITE CHU ENG TIN NGE KAN HRIAT THEIH ANG?

• Ka a ro ang.
• Ha hni te a lo sen duk ang.
• Ka vel ah pan hnaila te a lo awm ang.
• Ha hni te chu awlsam takin a thi thin.
• Lei te a lo lianin a lo sen ang.


ZUNTHLUM VEI A I LO DAM LOHIN ENG TIN NGE I TIH ANG?

I dam lohna chuan i thisen ah thum a lo ti pung thei a. I lo dam
loha i tih tur te chu:
Thil ei tha theilo awm dan pangngai a awm thei lo khawp a i lo dam
lohvin doctor hnenah i in entir vat tur a ni.
• Insulin i lak thin te chu chhun zawm zel la,
tin damdawi ei chi doctor te'n an chawh che pawh i ei chhunzawm bawk
tur ani.
• I zun leh i thilsen te chu a i test fo thin tur
a ni.
• Hah chawlh i mamawh tam a, thil tui ril lam i
in tam tur ani.

ZIN VAH LAM PANGAH ENG TE NGE HRIAT TUR?

Zunthlum vei te tan chuan zin hi a tha lova, nakin hun lama tan chauh
i ruahman tur a ni.